ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXVI, Issue 1
Written by Maria-Magdalena PODEA, Stelica CRISTEA

The pea (Pisum sativum L.) represents one of the most important leguminous crops worldwide, being in the top 10 vegetable crops, belonging to the Fabaceae family. Peas are grown both for human consumption, fresh or canned, and for animal feed in the dry state. The pea crop is affected by an important number of pathogens, which in favorable conditions can significantly decrease both the yield and the quality of the grains, even leading to total losses. Fungi, bacteria and viruses can cause a number of foliar diseases in peas. The most important pathogens that cause significant economic damage are: Didymella pinodes, Neocosmospora pisi, Pea enation mosaic virus¹, Peronospora pisi, Uromyces pisi, Pseudomonas pisi. Pea enation mosaic virus¹ can cause severe loss of pea harvest by up to 50% and Neocosmospora pisi leads to a decrease in yield by 15-60%. The Ascochyta blight disease complex can decrease the yield with values ranging from 10-60%. This bibliographic review provides an overview of recent studies on the main pathogens of pea crops.

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