ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Olesea COJOCARU

In this article we tried to present both the results of scientific research and observations from the Republic of Moldova, as well as the experience of different countries of the world, who were convinced of the need for economic, ecological and social modernization of the modern agricultural system, in order to transition to a sustainable system of agriculture. We hope that the farmers will enrich this experience which it will be a good help at the beginning of the path towards organic farming in our countries. Soil resource management is a major social issue. The increase of agricultural production can only be achieved through the rational use of soil resources. Effective sustainable agriculture, based on conservative technologies, can be designed as part of a system of long-term protection and preservation of soil quality and production capacity. According to the directive no. 2 of 25.01.2011, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry requested the elaboration of the Program for the development and implementation of conservative technologies in agriculture. As of January 1, 2011, the total area of the Republic of Moldova constituted 3384.6 thousand ha, including: 2498.28 thousand ha (73.8%) agricultural land. Of which: 1812.73 thousand ha (72.6%) arable land, 298.78 thousand ha (12.0%) perennial plantations, 352.55 thousand ha (14.1%) meadows and pastures, 34.21 thousand ha (1.4%) land not worked.

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