ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXVI, Issue 1
Written by Florența (JAFRI) PARASCHIV, Elena Mirela DUȘA, Vasilica STAN

Considering the increasing demography and the diversity of human activities, the quantity of waste is also increasing around the world, and the quantity of organic waste too. Therefore, the nature cannot deal with all waste by itself. Thus, people are looking for the most efficient ways to improve waste management. One of those ways, which is to reintegrate most of the residual materials as resources or as new products and to reduce their environmental impact is the circular economy (CE). Composting is nature’s way of dealing with organic waste to turn it into simple components which will be able to integrate the natural cycles. So, composting is a part of CE that can transform organic waste into new products such as compost. This paper will explore the methods of composting, from traditional composting to the involvement of artificial intelligence (AI) in this process and will analyse the benefits of the organic fertilizers resulted from composting and co-composting of different materials. From this perspective, the most well-known composting systems will be addressed (home composting, on-farm composting, and industrial composting).

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