ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Antoniya STOYANOVA, Velika KUNEVA, Mitko GEORGIEV, Svetlin IVANOV, Ferihan EMURLOVA, Dimitar VASILEV

The main goal in the present study is to study the adaptability and productivity of common wheat varieties. The study was conducted in 2017-2019, in the Department of Plant Breeding at the Faculty of Agriculture at the Trakia University, Stara Zagora. The object of study are the productivity and structural elements of yield in several varieties of common wheat - Ingenio, Dalara, Moison, Falado, Gabrio, Pibrak (from the variety list of Syngenta) and Factor (Bulgarian selection). According to the two-factor analysis of variance, both the influence of the two factors (conditions of the year and variety) separately and their interaction, statistically proven with a very high degree of reliability (p≤0.001) is the impact on the indicator - yield. The strongest influence on the variation of the trait is exerted by the factor year (37%), followed by the interaction between them (35%) and the factor variety (28%). In terms of the yield of wet gluten with the highest content, Dalara (30.8) stands out, on average for the period. Climate conditions have a great influence on DMG and it is expressed in the fluctuations of its values in Ingenio (from 22.9 to 32.4), in Gabrio (from 31.6 to 21.6) and in Factor (25.6- 29.0). Despite the changing environmental conditions, a small range of DMG variation was reported in Dalara (30.5 -31.0), in Moyson (27.1-28.0), in Falado (30.1-30.0), Pibrak (28.2-29.3).

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