ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Valentina DIMITROVA, Minka KOLEVA

Line × tester analysis of 5 Bulgarian cotton varieties used for mothers and 3 foreign ones as fathers was applied to study the inheritance of the most important economic traits and the breeding value of parental forms (G. hirsutum L.) and F1 hybrids. The trial was conducted in 2013-2014 by block method in three replicates. Different types of inheritance were observed by the productivity, boll weight and length and lint percentage of the fibre. Exhibition of heterosis was most pronounced by productivity reaching 39.1%. For all studied traits the genetic variance was mainly of non-additive type and the prognosis for selection in early segregate generations could not be good. The varieties of Bulgarian selection, Boyana and IPK Nelina had high GCA for productivity and fibre lint percentage. Their high GCA was combined with low SCA variances making them suitable for the synthetic selection. Of the foreign varieties, the Turkish Nazilli 954 had high GCA for the fibre lint percentage, the Greek Corina - for the fibre length. Because of the high SCA variances they appeared to be more suitable for the heterosis selection.

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