THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS IN THE PROCESS OF SOIL EROSION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LX
Written by Lazăr FLĂMÂND, Maria-Olivia MOLDOVAN

The main consequences of ecological imbalances generated by lands erosion were consisting in decreasing or bringing back, sometimes until cancellation, the soil’s capability of production, the surface and groundwater drainage system’s disruption, being strongly influenced by climatic elements specific to the area. Climate represents a very important factor for the multiannual environment regime of the weather’s processes and phenomena’s, characteristic to Rodnei Mountains National Park, determined by solar radiation, general circulation of the atmosphere, which varies in connection to the height, positioning and configuration of the landform. The elements and evolution of the climatic changes play a very important role in the context of soil erosion. The current paper illustrates the evolution of climatic factors from the last 9 years of the studied area – Rodnei Mountains National Park, Romania. For the studied area, it was taken into account the execution of an analysis of the following climatic factors: air humidity, temperature, precipitations, the direction and speed of the wind. Through the study and research of the climatic elements, delivered by National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology – Cluj, we can say that the temperature, precipitations, humidity, the wind direction and speed, not only favours the erosion processes, but it also accelerates their apparition, when they aren’t closely watched. The analysis of every climatic factor leads to a truthful appreciation of the probability that a certain territory may be exposed to erosional processes.

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FLĂMÂND L., MOLDOVAN M. O. 2017, THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS IN THE PROCESS OF SOIL EROSION. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5785, 91-94.


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