ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Stanislav STAMATOV, Stoyan ISHPEKOV, Manol DALLEV

An experiment was conducted to determine the share of fruit losses in mechanized harvesting of the established Bulgarian varieties of peanuts called Kalina, Kremena and Tsvetelina. The results show that total fruit losses range from 9.7% for Tsvetelina to 30.6% for Kremena. The fruit losses at digging the plants were 10.8% for Kalina, 6.3% for Kremena, and 12.6% for Tsvetelina. The losses at picking the plants up were 18% and 15.6% for Kalina and Kremena respectively, while for Tsvetelina they decreased to 3.4%. In order to reduce losses from mechanized picking of peanuts, selection of varieties with increased strength of gynophores is recommended.

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