ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785


Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Teodor RUSU, Bogdan Matei DUDA, Paula Ioana MORARU, Ileana BOGDAN, Lech Wojciech SZAJDAK, Adrian Ioan POP, Mihai Avram MAXIM, Olimpia Smaranda MINTAS

The purpose of monitoring the thermal and hydric regime of the soils from the Someşan Plateau is to set up the evolution tendency of pedoclimate parameters and to establish the agrotechnical measures in order to adapt agricultural technologies to climate changes. Romania is among the areas with the lowest capacity to adapt to existing climate changes and to those which are going to come and the Someşan Plateau is among the most affected areas due to the reduced degree of afforestation and the lack of forest curtains. Monitoring and variability of climate elements was achieved during 2013-2018, through a network of 10 HOBO microstations which stored soil temperature data electronically (at 10, 30, 50 cm deep) and air (at 1 m height), soil moisture (at 10 cm depth) and rain gauges. The thermal regime of the soils from the Someșan Plateau is mesic, with values of the annual average temperature of the soil 50 cm deep ranging between 8-15°C, and the differences between the average of summer temperatures and the average of winter temperatures are higher than 6°C at 50 cm depth (the difference ranging between 10.3-15.6°C). The annual values of the soil humidity ranged between 0.153-0.344 m3/m3 . The annual average of the air temperature during 2013-2018 ranged between 9.21-11.03°C. The annual average of rainfall ranged between 476.3-879.4 mm/an.

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