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RESEARCH ON BIOLOGY, PRODUCTIVITY AND YIELD QUALITY OF TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM L. SPECIES (FENUGREEK) IN THE CENTRAL PART OF THE SOUTH ROMANIAN PLAIN

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI
Written by Alina Maria IONESCU, Gheorghe Valentin ROMAN

The main objective of the research was to study the biology, ecology and productivity of Trigonella foenum-graecum L.species, in order to know the adaptability of the species to the natural conditions of the reddish preluvosoil area in thecentral part of South Romanian Plain and in organic farming system.In these experiments, a program of observations and measurements was developed, concerning: morphological andbiological peculiarities of species, productivity elements and seeds yields, yield chemical composition and quality.The experiment was carried out in Moara Domneasca Experimental Field, during 2007-2009.Research carried out revealed that fenugreek cultivated in South Romania reaches harvesting maturity in the thirddecade of July, after 95 days of vegetation and the accumulation of 922.24 GDD (St>10°C). When harvested, fenugreekplants were characterized by following productivity elements: 20.1 pods/plant, 11.4 seeds/pod, 3.9 g seeds/plant andTGW values of 16.7 g.Fenugreek seeds had as chemical composition, in average: 21.3% proteins, 4.65% fats, 63.83% glucides and 5.69%ash.On the reddish preluvosoil from Moara Domneasca, a soil with average fertility and without irrigation, in years withvarious weather conditions, fenugreek achieved good yields of over 1013 kg/ha in a dry experimental year (2007), andover 1250 kg.

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IONESCU A. M., ROMAN Gh. V. 2013, RESEARCH ON BIOLOGY, PRODUCTIVITY AND YIELD QUALITY OF TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRAECUM L. SPECIES (FENUGREEK) IN THE CENTRAL PART OF THE SOUTH ROMANIAN PLAIN. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5785, 395-397.


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