Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX
Written by Ramazan CANHILAL

Wheat and barley have a significant insect pest, the sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) in Turkey. It affects the yield and the quality of flour of which bread is made. In this study; the yield loss due to white spike damage caused by overwintered adults and kernel damage by nymphs and new-generation adults in wheat fields were defined to set up an economic threshold (ET) for the sunn pest. To evaluate the relationship between overwintered adult density and white spike damage, and between percent kernel damage and sedimentation value of the flour, a regression analysis was performed. White spike damage comprised at low levels (0.1 – 1.7%) in the study fields and the relationship between overvintered adult density and white spike damage was not statistically important in bread and durum wheat. Average damaged kernels by E. integriceps were 4.2% in bread wheat and 5.4% in durum wheat. A positive relationship between nymph and new-generation adult density, and kernel damage in bread and durum wheat was found. We determined the sedimentation values of flour that was made of wheat kernels on which the pest fed. It was 7-89 in bread wheat, and 9-28 in durum wheat. There was no effect of sunn pest density on gluten strength up to 2.1% kernel damage in bread wheat or up to 0.9% kernel damage in durum wheat, but kernel damages above these levels restrained dough quality. We assessed these limit values in the regression formula and we found the economic thresholds as 8.1 and 9.2 nymphs/m² in bread and durum wheat, respectively. While the existing ET (10 nymphs/m2) may still be acceptable in durum wheat, it may be reduced to 7-8 nymph/m² for some wheat varieties and regions, especially for low yield levels (~2000 kg/ha) in bread wheat.

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CANHILAL R. 2016, ECONOMIC THRESHOLD IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUNN PEST. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5785, 241-246.

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