GRASSLANDS OF MOLDOVA: QUALITY STATUS, VULNERABILITY TO ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS AND ADAPTATION MEASURES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX
Written by Tamara LEAH

The paper aimed to present the evolution and quality state of grasslands, pastures and hayfields in Republic of Moldova. Pastures and hayfields are considered the most vulnerable ecosystems to climatic conditions and anthropogenic factors. Their share is 10% of the country territory. Quality status of grasslands is unsatisfactory, being influenced by anthropogenic factors: overgrazing, erosion and landslides, salinization and waterlogging. During 2000-2015 the surface hayfields decreased by 1.6 thousand hectares, which are plowing. Pasture areas tends to increase, thus increasing the expense of uncultivated and abandoned land. The main cause that led to pasture degradation is the way to use - now they are not privatized, not have a stable surface, the animal grazing is not regulated. Vulnerability is directly proportional to soil degradation factors and natural conditions. Existing adaptive measures are concentrated in combating erosion processes and increasing soils fertility, therefore, planning and implementation of adaptation measures in the agricultural sector must be addressed and while referring to grasslands and pastures.

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LEAH T. 2016, GRASSLANDS OF MOLDOVA: QUALITY STATUS, VULNERABILITY TO ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS AND ADAPTATION MEASURES. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5785, 100-105.


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