ANALYSIS OF THE MELLIFEROUS AREAS FOR PASTORAL BEEKEEPING – CASE STUDY FOR GIURGIU COUNTY, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI
Written by Nicoleta ION, Viorel ION, Adrian LORENŢ, Gina FÎNTÎNERU, Răzvan COMAN, Adrian Georghe BĂŞA

In the case of Romania, pastoral beekeeping becomes more and more a system of industrial maintenance of bee families, with economic importance given by beekeeping products that could be obtained, but also with ecological importance given by realisation of the pollination process. The Romanian main areas with importance for pastoral beekeeping are represented by the agricultural crops consisting mainly of sunflower and rapeseed, forests consisting mainly of acacia and lime, and melliferous vegetation from Danube Delta. The present paper presents an analysis of the main types of honey harvest (rapeseed and sunflower, acacia and lime) from Giurgiu County, in terms of opportunities to practice pastoral beekeeping. We had drawn up the county melliferous balance for the main types of honey harvest on the basis of data regarding honey potential/ha (kg), total surfaces (ha), and total number of bee families from Giurgiu County. Also, we have calculated the percentage of use of the existing honey potential per type of honey harvest by the bee families in the county, and the total number of bee families that could be brought from other counties, through practising pastoral beekeeping. Out study revealed that Giurgiu County could assure the economic operation of 31,923 bee families, which means about 2.4 times more than the existing number of bee families in the county. By practicing a rational pastoral beekeeping to rapeseed and sunflowers crops, and to acacia and lime forests, on the territory of Giurgiu County could be brought a number of 18,516 bee families, which means the county has an important potential for practicing the pastoral beekeeping.

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ION N., ION V., LORENŢ A., FÎNTÎNERU G., COMAN R., BĂŞA A. G. 2013, ANALYSIS OF THE MELLIFEROUS AREAS FOR PASTORAL BEEKEEPING – CASE STUDY FOR GIURGIU COUNTY, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5785, 533-539.


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