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RESEARCH REGARDING THE VARIETY IN OBTAINING HIGHER QUALITY WHEAT PRODUCTION, ON SANDY SOILS IN SOUTHERN OLTENIA, IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI
Written by Mihaela CROITORU, Iulian DRAGHICI, Reta DRAGHICI, Milica DIMA

Wheat has a great importance as a food product, providing a large portion of carbohydrates and proteins necessary for man and more than half the calories consumed by humans. Given the economic importance and special role it holds in human nutrition, basic trend now and in the future is to increase global production. In addition to this direction is emerging ever stronger and other trends, such as the introduction in production of varieties with a high content of protein with increased nutritional value and superior cultivation with baking qualities. Climate change last period of time with pronounced drought and even climate aridisation trend in southern Romania, led to increased frequency of drought years. At CCDCPN Dabuleni in 2010-2012 were studied in terms of quality of grain, several varieties of winter wheat. Productivity and product quality are strongly influenced by abiotic limiting conditions (thermic and hydric stress) exhibited during the experiment. The best production results were obtained in the climatic conditions of 2010, the varieties: Albota 69 (4133 kg/ha), Delabrad (4267 kg/ha), Glosa (4233 kg/ha) and Ciprian (4356 kg/ha) the production increases achieved statistically very significant. Negative and significant correlation between wheat production and the number of days to gray, in conditions of droughty year, shows that precocity variety can be a measure that can contribute to mitigate effect drought and heat. Protein content and wet gluten resulted in wheat grains gives a good quality of production: Delabrad (15.2% protein, 33.2% wet gluten), Boema (14.8% protein, 33.8% wet gluten), Glosa (14.9% protein, 31.4% wet gluten), etc..

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CROITORU M., DRAGHICI I., DRAGHICI R., DIMA M. 2013, RESEARCH REGARDING THE VARIETY IN OBTAINING HIGHER QUALITY WHEAT PRODUCTION, ON SANDY SOILS IN SOUTHERN OLTENIA, IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agonomy., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5785, 212-217.


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