ISSN 2285-5785, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5793, ISSN ONLINE 2285-5807, ISSN-L 2285-5785
 

IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH SEEDS OF BARLEY IN TERMS OF 2014

Published in Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LVIII
Written by Mali-Sanda MANOLE (CRISTEA), Stelica CRISTEA

Seeds are considered very effective means of plant pathogens transport over long distances. The use of seed material,free from pathogens, is one of the basic conditions for obtaining healthy crops. If infested seed is used for sowing, thenthe seed will cause diseases in crop and crop yields will be reduced considerably. The study aimed to identify andquantify the fungi associated with barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seeds. We have analysed samples of seeds of barleyvarieties grown in the area of South-Eastern Romania. The mycoflora spectrum determined from analyzed samplesconsists of a variety of parasitic and saprophytic fungi. Species of Alternaria and Fusarium genera were the mostfrequently isolated with an incidence of 93.3% and 80% respectively. We also identified Curvularia lunata andPyrenophora species with an incidence of 20% and 13.3% respectively. The group of saprophytic fungi likeOedocephalum sp., Penicillium sp., Rhizopus sp., Stemphylium sp., Trichoderma viride and Epicoccum purpurascens,was also isolated.

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